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Saturday, August 8, 2020 | History

2 edition of Missionary methods of the French Jesuits among the Hurons. found in the catalog.

Missionary methods of the French Jesuits among the Hurons.

Theodore Vespasian Lee Harvey

Missionary methods of the French Jesuits among the Hurons.

by Theodore Vespasian Lee Harvey

  • 239 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published in Chicago, Ill .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Jesuits -- Canada,
  • Jesuits -- Missions,
  • Huron Indians -- Missions

  • The Physical Object
    Paginationii, 71 leaves.
    Number of Pages71
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16228645M

    The tobacco brought to the French by the Hurons may have been raised by the adjacent tribe of the Tionnontates, who cultivated it largely for sale. See Introduction. 1 See “ Pioneers of Prance,” ii. 2 Le Jeune, Relation, , (Cramoisy) ; Mercure Français, , 1 Relation, , After teaching at La Flèche and Moulins, he was sent to Canada at his request in as a missionary. He, too, worked among the Hurons, became assistant to John de Brébeuf at Saint Ignace in , and was with him in the village when the Iroquois attacked and destroyed it on Ma killing all the inhabitants except the two priests.

    A biography of René Menard , a French Jesuit missionary who worked in the Great Lakes region of North America among the Algonquins, Hurons and Iroquois. Menard was one of the first Europeans to set foot in many of the places he visited. This biography is among other things a chronicle of epic canoe voyages. Here they came in contact with the Hurons, who tried to expel them, but were unable to do so. The French found them in alliance with the Hurons, but record that they had but recently been at war with that people. When the Jesuits went among the Hurons the Wyandot were a part of the Huron Confederacy. Their history from this point is well known.

    St. Isaac Jogues was a Jesuit priest, missionary and martyr who traveled and worked among the Iroquois, Huron, and other Native populations in North America. Background Isaac Jogues was born on Janu , in Orléans, France, into a bourgeois family, where he was the fifth of nine children. The Jesuit Relations (c)The Jesuit Relations, a series of reports from Jesuit missions in New France, were published annually in Paris between and The Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic male order founded in by Ignatius Loyola (–) and whose members were known as Jesuits, viewed the preparation of such reports as part of their worldwide missionary program.


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Missionary methods of the French Jesuits among the Hurons by Theodore Vespasian Lee Harvey Download PDF EPUB FB2

Between andthe Jesuits established a home and a settlement that was destroyed in during the time when the missions in New France along the Saint Lawrence soon moved deeper into the colony’s territory in order to live with and convert the local Huron population.

During this time, however, their missionary efforts were fraught with disappointment and frustration. The second area of controversy is found in the Jesuit’s methods in obtaining the conversion and baptism of some 5, Hurons.

The Jesuits offered a completely different perspective and way of doing missions than any other religious group (Protestant or Catholic) at the time. Others question the Jesuits’ motives in trying to convert the Hurons.

Sainte-Marie among the Hurons (French: Sainte-Marie-au-pays-des-Hurons) was a French Jesuit settlement in Wendake, the land of the Wendat, near modern Midland, Ontario, from to It was the first European settlement in what is now the province of Ontario. Eight missionaries from Sainte-Marie were martyred, and were canonized by the Catholic Church in Location: Midland, Ontario, Canada.

While labouring among the Hurons the Jesuits had their minds on the Iroquois. It was, they thought, within their sphere of duty even to tame these human tigers. They well knew that such an attempt would involve dangers vastly greater than those encountered in Huronia; but the greater the danger and suffering the greater the glory.

And yet. Father Marc Dupre is a French missionary who has come to Quebec in the company of his Jesuit brothers to preach Christianity, alongside the saintly Jean de Brebeuf, to the natives of the New World. A young man of courage and compassion, he finds the Indians as admirable as he'd expected, but he is not prepared for his own growing love for.

Inthe Jesuits established a mission in Huron territory under the direction of Jean de Brébeuf.: 72 The Mission de Sainte-Marie was quite successful, and considered as "the jewel of the Jesuit mission in New France." More than a decade later it was destroyed by traditional Huron enemies, the Iroquois: 2 first in and again in 73 The Jesuits were killed along with the Huron.

*Brébeuf, “Relations of what occurred among the Hurons in the year ,” in S. Mealing (Ed), The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, The Carleton Library No. 7 (): *“Jean de Brébeuf on the Hurons” and “Disease and Medicine,” in Allan Greer (Ed), The Jesuit Relations: Natives and Missionaries in Seventeenth.

Instead, descriptions of cruelty involve the Hurons and other French allied Indians. The stories the Jesuits spread of Iroquois eating their prisoners and burning babies, have pretty much been debunked by modern scholars.

Sadly, the torture stories too often appear in academia and other accounts as true. French Jesuit who is known for his sensitivity to the natives; worked for many years among the Hurons, but in the end was tortured/martyred by Iroquois Katharine Drexel started the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament and opened more than 50 houses of sisters to care for.

The Mohawks were feared by colonials and the French, and the tribe martyred the Jesuit priests who came among them, including Sts.

Isaac Jogues and René Goupil. As the French were allied to the Huron, the Iroquois became their enemies, including the French missionaries. Though the Jesuits also cared for French settlers and some natives other than the Hurons, their main work was among the Hurons, who numbered ab and who lived in Huronia, not far north of what is today Barrie, Ontario.

Father Bressani was born in Rome, Italy, in He joined the Jesuits and studied philosophy at the Roman College. The French discoverers of Canada did not fail to impress the aborigines they met with a vague idea of the religion they professed. Thus, on 3 Julywhen Jacques Cartier reached Baie des Chaleurs, he presented the Indians with prayer beads, and shortly afterwards erected a large cross with the inscription "Vive le Roide France", thereby combining patriotism with religion.

All were French born Jesuits: Jean de Brébeuf, Isaac Jogues, Antony Daniel, Gabriel Lalemant, Charles Garnier, and Noel Chabanel, priests; and John Lalande and René Goupil, lay-brothers. They selflessly worked among the native Hurons until they met their death at the hands of mortal enemies of the Hurons: the Iroquois and the Mohawks.

In French Jesuit John de Brébeuf arrived in Quebec and shortly began his missionary adventures with the Native Americans. Instead of seeking to.

Sainte Marie Among the Hurons in Midland, Ontario Canada is a great place to visit any time of year, but December’s First Light festival is extra special. This restoration of this 17th century Jesuit missionary, originally a cooperative community of early French Pioneers, explorers, missionairies and Huron Wendat natives, showcases dwellings, canoes, weapons and daily living conditions of.

The missionary among the Alibamon Creeks was driven out by the French commander at Fort Toulouse (Montgomery, Alabama) for his opposition to the liquor traffic. Father Baudouin continued with good effect among the Choctaw for eighteen years until appointed vicar-general inwhen his place was filled by Father Nicholas le Febvre until (?).

Jesuit martyrs in Micronesia A Caroline Island "Palau" stamp honors the Jesuit missionaries who labored there and recalls three Spanish Jesuits martyred during the First World War. King Charles III A Spanish stamp is a reminder of the Jesuit expulsion from Spain by King Charles III whose egotism was easily manipulated.

The most famous of the historical French Jesuit missionaries is Jean de Brébeuf (), now the patron saint of Canada. Having grown up in Normandy, he was sent in to Québec, where he worked among the Huron Indians. The region was the site of intense imperial and native conflict: the British and French were contesting access to the.

The Jesuits and the Iroquois | Cornelius Michael Buckley, S.J. | Foreword to Jesuit Missionaries to North America: Spiritual Writings and Biographical Sketches by Francois Roustang, S.J. Print-friendly version The story of the early Jesuit missionaries who arrived in North America between and is a remarkable by all accounts.

The actual history is fairly readily available. "The Jesuits in North America in the 17th Century" by the great American historian Francis Parkman is the standard 19th c. work on the proselytizing efforts of the French Récollet and Jesuit fathers. The life of Jean De Brebeuf, Jesuit missionary to the Hurons in the 16th Century, is the subject of this well documented and interesting biography.

The work of this pioneer missionary was carried on in the midst of the struggle between the French and English for the control of Canada and of the savage and bloody struggles between the Iroquois and the Hurons.The writings of Jean de Brebuf, a French Jesuit missionary who lived and worked among the Hurons for two years without securing a single convert, reveal the powerful force of religious devotion that compelled missionaries to leave their homes for unknown lands and difficult lives in North America.Sainte-Marie among the Hurons (French: Sainte-Marie-au-pays-des-Hurons) was a French Jesuit settlement in Wendake, the land of the Wendat, near modern Midland, Ontario, from to It was the first European settlement in what is now the province of missionaries from Sainte-Marie were martyred, and were canonized by the Roman Catholic Church in